Mental disorders and gender

Dr. Traian Stefan Grozescu's personal blog

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Gender is correlated with the prevalence of certain mental disorders, including[1] depression, anxiety and somatic complaints.[1] Major depression is twice as common in women.[1] The lifetime prevalence rate of alcohol dependence is more than twice as high in men, and men are more than three times as likely to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.[1] There are no marked gender differences in the diagnosis rates of serious psychological disorders like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder,[1]

Freud postulated that women were more prone to neurosis because they experienced aggression towards the self, which stemmed from developmental issues. Freud’s postulation is countered by the idea that societal factors may play a major role in the development of mental illness. Industrialization accentuated differing gender roles, and women functioned mostly in the private sphere and men in the public sphere. These gender role differences may have impacted the types of…

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